How to play blackjack Online
There are variants of blackjack that differ from the classic rules by the number of cards, the prizes or the winning combinations. In any case, the game takes place at a table on which the 7-12 player betting spaces are marked with rectangles. Correspondingly, one or more than one player can participate in the game and each of them can bet on as many available boxes as they want, thus being able to play multiple hands.
All cards are dealt openly. Initially, the dealer deals two cards per bet box and one card to himself. Then, in order, the cards are drawn in the boxes and the croupier takes his. Players do not compete with each other at all, the aim of the game is for each player to beat the dealer in their squares.The objective on blackjack is to add up your cards without going over 21 points.
The value of the cards in the blackjack
The classic variant of blackjack is one that is played against the casino with a deck of 312 cards (six standard decks with 52 cards each). The player tries to accumulate the maximum points, without going over 21, since in case of an excess, the player’s hand will quickly be considered a loser and the casino bank will keep his bet, regardless of whether the dealer also has an excess or not. . In the blackjack the suits of the cards do not matter.
The points of the cards from two to nine correspond to their numerical values (two gives 2 points, three gives 3, etc.), the tens and all the cards with icons (jacks, queens, kings) give 10 points each. , while aces can give 1 or 11 points. When adding the points of the hands with aces, the maximum score is chosen, without exceeding 21. When the ace can be counted as 1 or 11 at the same time and in both cases it does not imply excess points (more than 21), It says that the hand is “soft”, whereas the “hard” hand is one in which the ace can only be counted as 1 point, because otherwise there is excess.
The first pair of cards that the dealer deals in each box before the player begins to draw cards is called the “first twos”. When one of the first two cards is an ace and the other any card with a value of 10 points, this combination is called “blackjack” and is the highest in the game. It is impossible to take cards when you have the blackjack.
A hand with blackjack is bigger than any other, even than a hand with 21 points. If the dealer’s first card is neither an ace nor a ten (that is, the dealer will not be able to have the blackjack), then all the squares are paid with the combination blackjack at 3 times 2 (1.5 times 1) . In all other cases, the payment is made according to the results of the dealer’s cards.
If the first two cards are an ace with a ten, they also give blackjack and, in this situation, there is a tie between all the boxes where there are blackjack, while the rest lose.
Insurance at blackjack
When the dealer draws the ace with the first card, he asks the players if they want to make sure in case he draws blackjack. If this situation occurs, before starting to bring cards to the box, the player can perform in a field special a bet that does not exceed in size half of your bet on the squares. This separate bet is called “insurance” and is paid at 2 for 1 if the dealer rolls blackjack or is lost if after the ace he does not roll any ten.
The player does not have the possibility of insuring his blackjack. When the first card of the dealer is the ace and the player obtains the blackjack already before starting, the dealer must propose to the player safe money (in English “Even Money”), that is to say , pay him blackjack at 1 for 1 immediately. If he rejects the safe money, the player can keep his bet in case of blackjack by the dealer (tie) or get a payout at 3 for 2 if the dealer does not finally draw blackjack.
The dealer at blackjack
After the players draw their cards to the boxes, the dealer draws theirs according to a very strict rule, it is often even written in English on the playing mat: “The dealer must stop taking cards with 19 points or less, or stop at 17 points or higher. ” Once he has drawn his own cards, the dealer will compare the number of points to the corresponding combination with the result in each of the player boxes and either take the losing bets, or pay them 1 for 1. When the dealer and the player have identical combinations, a tie occurs, that is, the bet is not paid nor is it lost. The dealer may also have excess points, in this case all bets left on the boxes are due.
Split or division of pairs
When the face of the first two cards in the box match, the dealer offers you the possibility to add a bet equal to the initial one and divide the box into two independent hands, thus continuing to draw cards for each hand separately.
If after the division of the pairs (split) he again draws a pair of equal cards in a hand, the player is in his right to add a bet and to divide the cards again. Some casinos may limit the number of consecutive splits per one slot, for example, to no more than three or four times.
The possibility of splitting exists for any pair of cards of identical face value, however in the case of aces the division of pairs differs in that the player can only perform a single split and will receive only one card per ace.
If the player divides pairs of tens or pairs of aces and thus obtains hands with an ace and a ten, each combination of these gives 21 points but not the “blackjack”, which is only possible in the first two cards of the deal. , before you start taking cards for the squares.
Double the bet on the first two cards
The player has the right to double his bet on the first two cards, thus receiving a single card for the square in question. In most casinos, doubling is only possible if the first two cards have a value of 9, 10 or 11 points, including soft hands with aces, apart from aces with tens, which immediately imply blackjack or 21 points in case of split.
Bets on blackjack
In order to attract more players, casinos often make slight variations in some rules of the game, which usually give players more freedom of action and even mathematically increase the player’s advantage over the casino. The best known variants of the classical rules are the following:
Double any pair – the possibility of doubling the bet on the first two cards is not limited only to combinations that add up to 9, 10 or 11 points.
Triple – after doubling the player again has the possibility to add a bet equivalent to the initial one and thus get one more card per square.
The dealer continues to draw cards with 17 soft – in cases where the dealer has an ace among his cards, after accumulating 17 points he stops exclusively with the “hard” hand.
Increased odds and insurance limits – when the dealer has an ace, the maximum insured bet is set aside and is not limited to half the player’s bet. In this situation, some casinos allow you to bet with insurance on blackjack of any visitor who is in the gaming room, even if he has not made any bets on the deal in question at the blackjack table.
Golden point – is the name given to a pair of aces when coming out with the first two cards and is considered the maximum combination, even winning at blackjack.
Three sevens – by adding a combination of 21 points with three sevens in any hand, in many casinos the player receives an additional bonus, for example a bottle of champagne or some other prize.
Blackjack single suit – if an ace and a card with a face value of ten points turn out to be of the same suit, the payout of the win will be made at 2 for 1, provided that it has been previously agreed.
7-card Charlie – if the player has accumulated seven cards in his hand without excess points, this hand beats any other combination, even the dealer’s blackjack. Also sometimes the 5-card Charlie and 6-card Charlie can be awarded separately, that is, five and six cards without excess correspondingly.
If you have questions about which rules are used in a particular gambling establishment, it is always a good idea to ask a member of staff. If you are playing blackjack for real money at a live or online casino, feel free to call contact to the casino support team.
Side bets on blackjack
Some blakcjack games may grant the possibility of additional bets, which are often played independently of the main bets placed on the boxes:
- Perfect Pair (the perfect pair) – You bet so that with the distribution in the boxes you get two identical cards. There is also a separate homonymous variant of blackjack.
- Jackpot of Aces – It is bet that with four cards the player and the dealer will get two or more aces. The maximum win (jackpot) is often obtained by 4 aces of the same color and suit.
- Hi / Low 13 – You bet that the sum of the value of your first cards is greater than, less than or equal to 13 points.
- One Suit Bonus – e bet that the player’s first two cards are of the same suit.
Types of blackjack
The blackjack has a series of variations with quite different rules, however, they receive the same name and have the same accumulation principle of 21 maximum points. The most popular varieties are listed below:
In the European blackjack a deck of 104 cards is used (two standard decks of 52 cards). The rules of this game are similar to the classic ones. The dealer counts and takes the cards according to the same rules and the player also has the option of splitting pairs, doubling down, leaving the game and making sure when the dealer draws an ACE.
The Vegas Blackjack this is a variety native to North America and common in Nevada casinos. It is played with a deck of 104 cards. In the North American varieties of the game the dealer normally takes 2 cards at the beginning and keeps one of them face down until the end of the round. The rest of the rules do not vary with respect to the classic ones, except when the dealer’s face up card is a 10 or an ACE, then he looks at what his second card is and, if he has Blackjack, all those hands that do not have also lose.
Atlantic City Blackjack
It is also a version of North America, popular in Atlantic City casinos. As in Blackjack in Las Vegas, when the dealer has a 10 or an ace in the open card, then he must check if he has the combination Blackjack. It is played with 416 cards or 8 standard decks of 52 cards.
This variant is basically offered in virtual casinos and is carried out with six standard decks and two cells at the same time. The player has the right to exchange the top two cards between his two squares after the first deal. Since in this version the combination Blackjack comes out more frequently, in Blackjack Switch it is always paid at 1 for 1. The dealer stops taking cards when he has a soft hand with 17 points.
There is also the additional bet “Super Match” that is accepted even before starting to take cards and depends on the coincidence or not of the nominal values of the first four cards in the two hands of the player: if a pair matches it is paid at 1 by 1, three are paid at 5 by 1, two pairs at 8 by 1 and four identical cards at 40 by 1. These payouts can be differentiated depending on the casino.
This variant apart from Blackjack is played with five standard decks (total 260 cards) and offers the additional bonus bet “Perfect Pair” (the ideal pair). If the player’s first two cards are of the same rank and suit, this bonus bet is won and paid at 25 times 1.
THE Pontoon is the English version of 21 with rules similar to those of Blackjack and common especially in Australia, some Asian countries and specifically in Great Britain. The highest combination in the Pontoon is a 7-7-7 and can be paid at a maximum of 5 for 1, while the combination that bears the same name as the game, that is, the ace and the ten, is paid at 2 for 1 and the 5-card trick, that is, five cards without excess, is paid at 3 for 2. Also, Pontoon is played without the tens, although the jacks, queens and kings are counted at 10 points each.
Among all the variants of the Blackjack, this is the one that differs the most from the original in its standards. 8 decks of cards are used to play, however they are not the usual 52-card decks, but the “Spanish” decks, which have 58 cards each. It should be noted that the mathematical advantage of the casino against the players is much higher in this version than in the classic Blackjack.
The rest of the rules do not vary from the original, with the difference that the player can divide the first cards three times, that is, play with 4 hands at once. Also, sometimes in the game the suit of the cards is taken into account and the player obtains additional winnings for some separate combinations:
- 21 points with 5 cards – paid at 3: 2.
- 21 points with 6 cards – paid at 2: 1.
- 21 points with 7 and more cards – paid at 3: 1.
- Combinations 6-7-8 and 7-7-7 of different suits – pays 3: 2.
- Combinations 6-7-8 and 7-7-7 of the same suit – pays 2: 1.
- Combinations 6-7-8 or 7-7-7 of spades – pays 3: 1.
- Suited 7-7-7 combinations, when the dealer has a face-up 7 – it pays at 50: 1.
Payouts may vary based on casino rules.
Many casinos, both conventional and virtual, organize Blackjack tournaments. According to the original rules of Blackjack, the player has the right to compete exclusively with the dealer. Blackjack tournaments give players the ability to play Blackjack competing against each other on results, while each of them plays against the dealer.
At the start of the tournament, each participant places an initial bet and receives in return the same amount of chips from the game tournament. The game can then be played over a few rounds, with lower winners or time constraints eliminated. The winner will be declared the player who has shown a better playing result economically speaking and there is often more than one winning position.
Since holding such an event requires simultaneous availability of different table games, not all conventional casinos can regularly afford to host Blackjack tournaments for a large number of players. However, online casinos can permanently host tournaments for large masses of players without entailing any complexity, which is why online competitions of Blackjack have long held a leading position in online gambling.
When the Blackjack arises
In the seventeenth century, in France, the game “Vingt-et-Un” (in Spanish “Twenty-one”) enjoyed great prestige. This version of the Blackjack game is mostly considered to be the closest ancestor to Blackjack. Although the French 21-point game was preceded by no less popular card games such as “Chemin de Fer” and “French Ferme”, with very similar rules.
Italian literature from the early 15Th century also mentions and describes a card game called “Trentuno” (in Spanish “Treinta y uno”), whose game principle is equivalent to the rules of 21, but with the only difference that the player It starts with three cards, instead of two, and the maximum number of points to collect was 31.
Spanish documents from the 15Th century record a popular game with a similar name and rules. In the seventeenth century, Cervantes, the Spanish writer, already mentioned in his work the game “Veintiuno”, the title of which speaks for itself. Among the card games with a principle of accumulation of points similar to Blackjack, it is worth highlighting the Italian game “Sette e mezzo” (in Spanish “Seven and a half”), which continues to be played today since the seventeenth century and whose name corresponds to the maximum number of points to be added from a deck of 40 cards, of which those with icons contribute half a point and the king of clubs plays the role of joker.
The exact details of where and when the Blackjack game was invented are dissolved deep into medieval European history, but the exact place, time and cause of the origin of the current name of the game is known. It happened in the gambling houses of the United States of America in the 19th century, at a time when a variant of “21” was already offered with rules designed in favor of the player and, therefore, against the establishment. To increase its popularity, the casino owners decided that the combinations of the first two cards would be paid separately and with a higher prize than the simple 1 for 1.
By then, a jack and an ace of spades formed the greatest combination and was called Blackjack (literally “the black jack”) and gave rise to the name of the game.
In a later version of the game, which is now considered classic, the maximum combination of cards continues to be called “Blackjack” and to be paid at 3 for 2, that is, one and a half times better than before. Currently, the role that a jack plays with an AS can be played by any ten and the suits of the cards have completely lost their relevance in the game.